- A dog's chances of surviving decrease each minute that he is not receiving emergency treatment. In all, mortality rate for dogs with bloat are estimated to be between 18 to 33%
How Bloat is Treated
- First, attempts will be made to stabilize the dog and then, in most cases, surgery is needed:
The dog will be given an IV to help stabilize blood pressure and to administer medications to help combat shock and pain.
To relieve pressure and help prevent rupturing, an esophageal tube will be inserted through the mouth or a trocar (a long, thin needle) will be inserted into the stomach.
X-rays will be taken to confirm that there is volvulus (the twisting of the stomach).
Surgery is performed. During the operation, the goal will be to reposition the dog’s stomach back into its normal position, remove necrotic tissue (surrounding tissue that is dead or dying due to blood supply having been cut off) and to perform what is known as a gastropexy. With gastropexy, the stomach will be connected to the abdominal wall cavity, which works to greatly prevent this from reoccurring. For dogs that survive and have this surgery, the chance of bloat occurring again is a small 4.%. For those that do not have this done, that number flies up to a scary 55 percent.
Bed rest and very light meals will be required for 7 to 10 days afterward.